The Halloween (Samhain) festival roots go right back to the Pagan Celtic festivals of Samhain & Calan Gaeaf. The Halloween Festival is well known and celebrated across the World. Irish emmigrants brought Samhain traditions to America, when there it evolved into Trick or Treat. The party games associated with Halloween, dressing up, snap apple, drinking and feasting. Traditionally, Halloween Night (Eve of Halloween), was the one time the dead could return. In Ireland Carroll’s Tours offer Halloween Self-Drives a vacation with a truly unique difference. These tours are about street festivals, like the Dublin Festival of Light, or the Galway Macna Street Theatre. Halloween is about storytelling, firesides, nice food and drink and the comforting solace of dark evenings. Here, we show you some of the things associated associated with this great festival.
Origins of Halloween
Samhain “The End of Summer“, is the first of the four quarter days in the medieval Gaelic calendar. Gaelic Celtic parts of Europe celebrate Samhain on the 31 Oct – 1 Nov in Ireland, Scotland, and the Isle of Man. The Brittonic Celts call Samhain Calan Gaeaf in Wales, Kalan Gwav in Cornwall and Kalan Goañv in Brittany. Calan Gaeaf means”first day of winter“. For the Celts, the day ended and began at sunset. The Halloween festival begins on the evening before 1st November. This, by modern reckoning (is half point between equinox & solstice). In the ancient Irish and Welsh manuscripts, the names of Samhain and Calan Gaeaf both appear. The ancient Celtic names for Halloween are used by historians to refer to Celtic Halloween customs. Both these names are still the Gaelic and Welsh names for Halloween.
The Dullahan (Headless Horseman)
Dullahan or Dullaghan, in Irish known as Gan Ceann (“without a head“), is a Mythological creature in Irish folklore. The Dullaghan figure took the form of a headless rider on a black steed, carrying his head underarm. He rides across the Irish countryside. The Dullahan is male, but there are some female versions. Said to be the embodiment of the Celtic God The Crom Dubh. The myth of the Dullahan comes from Ireland. The correct term is the Crom Cruach, or the “king idol of Ireland“. The Crom had 12 disciplies who changed into Hell-hounds.
The believe was that when ever the Dullahan stops riding, a person dies. As the Dullahan calls out the person’s name, he takes the soul of his victim, who immediately drops dead. Golden objects can force the Dullahan to disappear. The movie, Darby O’Gill and the Little People, features a Death Coach driven by the Dullahan. Irish emmigrants took this tale abroad and from that come the stories of the Headless Horseman.
The Abhartach was a hated Druidic ruler in ancient Ireland. He was cruel and had many evil dark powers. Slain by a local chieftain named Cathain. Legend says the Abhartach rose from the dead to drink the blood of his subjects. The final resting place of the Abhartach’s is the Slaghtaverty Dolmen. It comprises of a large rock, two smaller rocks under a hawthorn tree. Located in Slaghtaverty, near Maghera in County Derry. Folklorists believe the Abhartach inspired Irishman Bram Stoker to write Dracula, not Vlad III.
One of the most famous of Irish Supernatural Halloween figures is the Banshee. The Banshee can only be heard when a loved one is dying. Her mournful cry has terrorised the Irish around Halloween. The word comes from the Irish “Bean Sí,” literally meaning female fairy. A white sheet with eye holes will suffice if you wish to dress as a Banshee when partying on October 31!
The Jack O’Lantern is where the modern Halloween pumpkin comes from. Jack O’Lantern is said to be a ghostly spirit who trapped Satan in a cross-shaped tree hollow. For his punishment when Jack died, he was barred entry to both Heaven and Hell. Jack wanders suspended in a black abyss between heaven and hell. With only an ember in a carved-out turnip, the Devil’s flashlight, to help him navigate, the otherworld.